A punishment originally understood by the framers of the Constitution to be cruel
and unusual, i.e. it inflicts torture.
(1) it measures a particular punishment against society’s standards of human decency
and inhumane treatment
(2) it protects against penalties that are either barbaric or far too severe for the crime
Contradiction: It is cruel and unsual punishment to execute someone who has
committed cruel and unsual punishment on an innocent person?